Trevose Golf Club

Sunday, 8 October 2017

Three weeks after returning from a tour of some of the finest links courses of the west of Ireland, I set off from London to Cornwall with my driver loft still set to 8.167 degrees and entered the Westlake Trophy scratch open at the acclaimed links at Trevose Golf Club near Padstow on the north coast of Cornwall. The course is ranked 2nd in Cornwall and 57th in England.

I arrived the afternoon prior and headed to the course to check out the practice facilities. The entire course is laid out below you from the elevated clubhouse but as it was shrouded in sheets of misty October drizzle, or “mizzle” as they call it here, I didn’t really get a chance to appreciate the setting.  What was appreciated was the super little range with its inventive targets and very useful small indoor putting green in the cosy foyer building.

In the dead calm of the next morning Trevose was waiting for me in all its glory. The colossal desert like sandy dune face behind the 2nd green and further beyond the ocean brushing against the iconic sea rocks and jagged cliff faces out by the 4th green were landmark features that strikingly seemed within touching distance of the clubhouse. The conditions remained virtually dead calm all day long, most unusual for any seaside location, with not even a one club breeze applying, in fact not even 2/3 yards of ‘hurt’ at any stage. In many ways a true test of a links layout is the challenge it presents on a calm day such as this and Trevose was demanding underlined by the average CSS of +3 per round reported for the competition.

Playing two rounds in a day in a competitive environment is probably one of the best ways to experience a golf course you have never played, albeit playing off the back tees can sometimes take the fun out of it, depending obviously on your level. For me three of best holes on the course come very early, the 1st, 2nd and 4th, the only section of the course that is set amidst the typical high dunes that were such a prominent feature of my recent west of Ireland links trip. The 1st is a superb downhill par four that meanders its way through dunes punctuated by gaping bunkers and a downhill run to a green that slopes back towards the fairway. The par four 2nd continues the downhill trend with a fairway guarded by four bunkers and a magnificent approach played to a green protected by three more bunkers and overlooked by the huge imposing Sahara-esque sand face behind. Not to discount the 3rd, it is a solid par three played from on high across a valley to a green with trouble on all sides including three nasty pot bunkers, yet with an inviting bowl in the middle of the green that can be quite rewarding. The 4th is the signature hole at Trevose, a dogleg left par five played from a high tee down to an undulating fairway, guarded by bunkers and an approach towards the ocean and “Booby’s Bay” beach. Most available photographs of this scene tend to capture the ocean at its wildest in the background, however the picture with this post shows it at its most benign, yet still impressive.

The 5th and 6th take you to the northern half of the course (where the 12th, 13th, 15th and 16th are also routed), which is little bit less memorable, yet does present some strong holes. The bunkerless 5th is a tough dogleg left par four, the generous fairway offset by the long uphill approach to a stubbornly elevated green. The 6th offers some respite as a shortish par four with a big green. Then the 7th takes you back towards the low-lying section of the course closer to the larger dunes, another difficult par four with a long approach to a well guarded elevated green, one of few holes on the course with a steep upslope before the putting surface. The relatively short par three 8th probably makes it into my top-five holes on the course, played over the valley of a burn to a green with three deep pot bunkers short and left and a steep grassy fall-off to the right. The front nine closes with a par five that offers two routes off the tee either side of three fairway bunkers and another steep rise to the green, this one steeper than most.

The 10th hole is another of my favourites, a par five with a downhill tee shot to an open fairway and a burn and three bunkers to negotiate en route to the green. The 11th is a tough par three that required a wood for me in both rounds from its highly elevated tee to a green also elevated with three bunkers to consider. The 12th is a long uphill par four towards the northern boundary of the course, with two grassy bunkers forcing you to think twice about cutting the corner and another large bunker short and left in the steady incline towards the green. The 13th is the last of the par fives, curving to the left from tee to green, the tee shot played slightly downhill and the second shot down again to an open flat fairway that sets up a tricky approach shot to a green with bunkers short, and with a hazard left and long to take into consideration. The green is in three sections and it is particularly hard to get close to the flag if it is in the back left corner.

The closing stretch begins with two short par fours, the 14th the shorter of the two and really only requiring a 240-250 yard tee-ball short of the four cross bunkers, which leaves just a wedge approach to relatively straight-forward green. Whilst the 15th doglegs slightly to the left, a tee shot bailed out right will still leave a short-iron slightly uphill to a green that slopes from right to left, the back left pin position being the most dangerous given the slope off the left edge of the green. The 16th, like the 11th, is a 200+ yard par three that will frequently demand a well struck wood off the back tee to a green that has two grassy mounds in front of it, the main complication other than the sheer length of the hole.

The 17th is another of the top holes on the course, a demanding par four with a narrow fairway that must be found off the tee in order to ensure the good lie you need to be able to take on the green with your approach, as the burn (that also features on the 10th fairway) protects the front of the green and will gobble up anything half a club short. The 18th is a tough finisher, uphill all the way requiring two solid smacks off the back sticks to make the green, which has bunkers short on either side and O.B. long and left. The appeal of this hole is somewhat undermined by the road that crosses the fairway around 80 yards short of the green on which vehicles have right of way and tend to avail of this right without looking around to check if a golf ball is about to crack a windscreen.

Pick of the holes: Par three – 8th // Par fours – 2nd & 17th // Par five – 4th

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Connemara Golf Links

Friday, 15 September 2017

Connemara is the lowest rated of the four courses we visited this week, ranked 32nd in Ireland, but is still very highly regarded so we were expecting to be impressed. We were not to be disappointed and in fact it was arguably ahead of the other three venues in some aspects, certainly the most impressive clubhouse setting and up there with Carne in terms of the enchanting unspoiled natural beauty of the location and surroundings. The weather enhanced the experience, as we had the best day of the trip – mostly sunny yet still with the solid two-club prevailing wind.

The front nine of the ‘A&B’ course meanders around flatlands with dangerous pot bunkering and varied green countours the main defences on the ground. The 1st and 2nd played into the crosswind, the 1st a dogleg left par four that invites a draw tee shot off the rugged rocky hill terrain to the right and the 2nd a straight par four with pot bunkers on both sides of fairway and green. After the testing opening two holes, the short par three third is index 18 and is a very enjoyable hole to play, also aesthetically nice owing to the craggy rock in the background. The par four 4th is a straightish par four, again with pot bunkers on both sides of fairway and green, a comfortable hole when played downwind provided your tee shot can avoid the traps. The 5th hole is the second hardest hole on the front nine card, a dogleg left par four that for us was kind given the helping crosswind on the day, pleasantly flat with pot bunkers scattered about. The par three 6th hole, whilst index 14 on the card, played one of the harder holes of the day as it required wood tee shots for us into the wind. The par five 7th offers quite a wide fairway and would be a great birdie opportunity when not affected by a hurting wind, which is probably never the case! After passing the plaque dedicated to Steve Fossett’s 2003 re-enactment of Alcock & Brown’s 1919 first non-stop flight across the Atlantic on a biplane, the index 2 8th takes you in the direction of the clubhouse, with no significant fairway bunkering to consider, but an undulating tiered green complex well protected by bunkers short and to the right. The 9th is not unlike the 8th in terms of direction and has more fairway pot bunkers to contend with, but it is a much shorter par four than the 8th off the white tees.

The first three holes of the back nine are broadly in a similar vein to the front nine, before the epic homeward stretch raises the bar substantially. The 10th is a tough par four that was into the wind and required a 5-wood second shot for me on the day due to the elevated green. The 11th is a lovely slightly downhill par three with two pot bunkers on each flank and one large deceiving bunker in front that is in fact much further back from the front of the green than appears from the tee. Whilst many holes on the day were played into a hurting crosswind, the slight dogleg right par four 12th is one of the few holes that played head-on directly into the wind, which when combined with the elevated green and 445 yardage from the tips made it play all all of its index 1.

Leaving the 12th green you find yourself on the high outpost of the course, which signals the beginning of a slightly different stretch of holes until the finish. The par three 13th brings you to a higher altitude than previously experienced thus far and is positioned alongside some of the most rugged rocky lunar terrain amidst the dunes. It is a long par three with a slope in front of the green making it difficult to find the surface, also with three pot bunkers lurking front and back, one of the best holes on the course. Then you ascend higher again to reach the 14th tee and what is an absolutely jaw-dropping view of the entire course and surroundings.  It is a straight par five played in a southwesterly direction towards the ocean with a significant drop from tee to fairway and OB all down the right side. The green was reachable in two for us but our second shots were cruelly diverted left and short rolling back down the steep slope just in front of the green, a tricky feature along with the five bunkers short of the green. Definitely one of my favourite holes of the trip.

The next two holes are tough par fours, the 15th is without bunkers but if it plays in to the wind, as it did for us, finding the relatively small and elevated green in two with hairy dunes on three sides is a difficult task and its index 3 rating is no surprise. The 16th plays back downwind towards the clubhouse but is not an easy fairway to hit as it doglegs slightly to the left at the landing area. There is a burn about 30 yards short of the green, three pot bunkers and the green itself is one of the more undulating on the course.

The finish at Connemara GC is very enjoyable, two par fives in succession routed in opposite directions. The 17th back tee is on elevated ground in front of the clubhouse played to an inviting wide and flattish fairway with no bunkers to contend with from tee to green. Whilst the hole measures 500 yards and might sound easy, the approach to the green is another steep rise in elevation and playing into the wind it actually demanded three very solid shots to make the green, another with long dune grasses threatening on three sides. The 18th here rivals the 18th at Carne in terms of the combination of stunning views and hole design, both par fives with downhill tee shots and with inclines back up towards raised greens, what surely must be two of the best finishing holes in the country. For those laying up, a burn crossing the fairway 100 yards in front of the green must be considered for second shots, and for the longer hitters the green is reachable in two downwind, although the second shot will have to fly all the way to the putting surface and carry the four pot bunkers and the steep slope before the green.

Pick of the holes: Par three – 13th // Par fours – 5th, 16th // Par five – 14th

(Photo: Stunning view of the 18th hole)

Carne

Thursday, 14 September 2017

Out on the edge of the earth beyond the town of Belmullet within the spectacular landscape around Carne Golf Links we found ourselves the beneficiaries of a sunny seaside day with only one brief shower to contend with for the entire round. The wind of the day seemed to be a prevailing northwesterly off the ocean and stayed at about a two club factor throughout our round.

Carne is more remote and bare than Enniscrone and Rosses Point and you can immediately feel this on arrival at the clubhouse, imposing amidst an exposed rugged wild Atlantic coastal landscape. The Hackett 18, ranked 10th in Ireland, takes you through outrageously high dunes, such that not only do you feel like you are alone on the course on most holes, but also that it would be a significant physical effort to get anywhere near another fairway, and then brings you along a mesmerising coastal trail equivalent to golfing nirvana.

The course opens with a slight dogleg right par four that played into the teeth of the wind on the day providing for a very tough start. This is followed by what should be a relatively straightforward par three complicated by the right to left crosswind. The par four 3rd is quite exposed and features a false fronted green, followed by the benign par five 4th that played downwind on the day with OB on the left the only major issue. The 5th hole proved a brutish undulating par four into the wind with the dunes creating the classic links amphitheatre effect around the green. The 6th is one of the harder holes on the card, presumably due to the small and dangerous green complex, but it played generously downwind for us allowing for a short iron approach. The 7th is a fiendish uphill par three to an exposed green that required a wood off the tee held against a strong right to left crosswind with a good bit of hurt. The par fours 8th and 9th follow a similar pattern to the 5th and 6th, the 8th into the wind and 9th back downbreeze towards the clubhouse. The 8th stood out due to its undulations and its green, seemingly buried at the foot of the high dunes. The 9th is more favourably downwind with a short iron approach required for most, but it does present a particularly tricky green complex in its defence.

The back nine kicks off in front of the clubhouse with the par five 10th up and over a hill and down towards a towering dunescape behind the green. The 11th hole is a sharp dogleg right par four with the dramatic tee shot played down into a valley between large dunes and the short approach back up the slope to the right towards an exposed green set upon a ledge.

The 11th green marks the beginning of a section of the course until the 14th green that elevates the already sublime Carne experience to mythical proportions. Blacksod Bay becomes more visible with every shot until the seahorses on the waves are almost touchable from the 14th tee. The 12th is a quirky downhill par four with a forgiving landing area that pushes everything to the right to leave a short approach to a very elevated green. The par five 13th must be one of the most enjoyable walks in golf, the ocean and remote seaside landscape out to the right and the approach to the green appearing as if at the edge of the earth. It is a strong hole too and needs three solid shots to find the green in regulation.

Much is spoken about the par three 16th at Carne, but for me the 14th was the standout hole on the course, a majestic par three set alongside the white sandy beach that on this day played downwind to a narrow green. The setting is wild yet serene, remote yet soothing, a hole you would be happy to play repeatedly all day long with nothing but the sound of the waves.

The homeward stretch begins with the difficult uphill par four 15th, featuring a couple of nasty fairway pot bunkers and a steep incline towards the green. The par three 16th is one of the signature holes at Carne and it is not hard to see why given the wide-reaching views from the high dune-top tee and inviting plummet to the green.

The stroke index 1 par four 17th is actually not excessively punishing from the tee but introduces real difficulty for the second shot to a green that is tucked into the corner of a dune and high above a deep grassy ravine that will collect anything missed right and leave a very tough up-and-down.

The 18th is a finishing hole befitting of the quality of Carne, weaving its way down through the dunes with a wide fairway and deep valley before a steep rise back up to the green . The county colours of the Mayo flag blow high on the dune to the right of the tee imploring two solid shots to reach this par five in two, an achievable feat if you manage to clear the valley before the green.

Carne is undoubtedly a golfing paradise at the edge of the earth!

Pick of the holes: Par three – 14th // Par fours – 8th, 15th // Par five – 18th

(Photo: Larging it up on the 14th tee by Blacksod Bay)

Enniscrone

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

The weather today was much more pleasant than yesterday. Apart from a twenty minute squall on the front nine the umbrellas were not required and the sun was out with a stiff breeze more typical of links golf than we experienced at Rosses Point.

If the dunes at Enniscrone GC are high then the challenge of the course itself is monstrous. Ranked 13th in Ireland, ‘The Dunes’ course starts with what seems a benign opening tee shot on the dogleg right par four 1st, however any notions of easing into the round are immediately denounced when you reach the dogleg and realise what is ahead of you – a brutal uphill approach with trouble in the way of wild fescue infested high dunes on both sides. The exposed openness of the first tee is quickly forgotten as the next three holes, two par fives either side of a tight uphill par three, are routed right through the middle of the towering dunes and leave little forgiveness for wide misses on almost every single shot. The dogleg right par five second hole stood out as one of the best holes on the course, one of seven holes (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 11th, 12th, 13th & 14th) that are played completely enclosed by huge dunes creating a feeling of complete detachment from the rest of the course and the outside world. The par three 3rd required wood off the tee into the wind and the 4th is another dogleg right par five played through a dune tunnel.

Holes 5-8 are routed away from the higher dunes and play closer to the flatland Scurmore nine hole course. The 5th, whilst index 2 on the scorecard, played downwind on the day and its generous fairway from the elevated tee rendered it quite manageable despite the taxing contours on and around the green. Conversely, the par four 6th played like a par five into the wind, the steep slope in front of the plateaued green an additional complication. The 7th is the third of the front nine par fives and features a perched green with fall-offs on three sides and a helpful slope on the right feeding back towards the middle of the green.

After the par three 8th played to the southeast corner of the property, you turn back west and start the long loop that goes all the way around the outside of the course and ultimately leads back to the clubhouse. The 9th and 10th tees are set close to the calmer waterway of the Moy River that flows to the ocean and are played in the same direction with trouble in particular on the left side of both. The par three 11th brings you back towards the more mountainous dunescapes of the western centre of the headland and features a huge grassy drop-off on the right side.

The next two holes are memorable par fours set amidst the highest of the dunes. The 12th is a dogleg left with the second shot played (blind depending on position) over a deep grass valley to a rectangular green carved into the massive dunes, one of the nicer approach shots on the course. The 13th is a driveable (blind) downhill par four that doglegs right to the green hidden behind the dunes, a short hole but treacherous with a lay up strategy not much less dangerous than an attempt at the green, the hole enhanced by its green/red light signalling technology to rival any rail network the world over!

The 14th hole was my favourite on the course, a par five that brings you from the busy western centre of the course out towards the northern seaside homeward stretch via an undulating fairway with typically monumental dunes overlooking on both sides and an approach around the corner to a green that features a complex arrangement of swales and backstops.

The next three holes are played along the northern edge of the promontory with the ocean in view to the left, the par four 15th and par five 16th both with tricky greenside countours and of course dunes all about particularly high on the right and behind the greens on both holes with the coastline away to the left. The 17th is a classic par three, the tee positioned high up on top of a dune and the green laid out invitingly a few feet below tee level. The final hole runs back inland to the south alongside a holiday caravan park towards the clubhouse and is one of the few holes that I can recall demanding a draw off the tee due to the three bunkers right side of the fairway. Despite the more urban, exposed and flat setting around the green, the fairway and green countours maintain the links feel.  Some will probably consider the 18th a disappointing finishing hole but that is testament to the supreme quality of rest the course.

Overall Enniscrone boasted the best conditioned greens we played all week but also the most punishing long fescue rough, which could make the round a major struggle for wayward players. Another dose of golfing paradise without a doubt.

Pick of the holes: Par three – 17th // Par fours – 12th, 15th // Par five – 14th

(Photo: View from behind the 13th green)

County Sligo (Rosses Point) 

Tuesday, 12 September 2017

Day 1 in Yeats country started off kind weather-wise, overcast yet with barely any breeze. These somewhat unexpectedly benign conditions lasted for the duration of the front nine, until the clouds let loose and persistent heavy rain dominated the bank nine, albeit, oddly, without the wind ever really picking up beyond a slight breeze. The Championship course at Rosses Point is ranked 7th in Ireland.

The first four holes and 5th tee are positioned on and around what more resembles a mountain than a large sand-dune. After the relatively benign par four 1st played to an elevated green, the imposing 2nd hole appears a driveable par four on the scorecard but such is the sharp incline it would take an exceptional drive to find the green protected by three nasty sand traps. One of my favourites was the par five 3rd, the tee-shot a dramatic one back down the mountain to a fairway that has three bunkers on either flank and runs out at a rough covered decline before continuing on a flatter note towards the green, the only drawback (in my view) being the road crossing the fairway before the green. The 4th is the first of a fine set of par threes, the green perched high up on a plateau with anything short or right severely punished. The index 18 5th hole boasts my favourite tee shot on the course, a huge downhill drive to a generous fairway on the flat middle section of the course on what is a very reachable par five with a 45-yard long green, a birdie chance albeit there are eleven bunkers littered along the way to punish any mishaps.

The flat-lands portion of the front nine (5th fairway/green and successive par fours from the 6th-8th) features the sneakily dangerous draw-favouring 6th with a hazard along the right and the very tough 7th, which is complicated by menacing fairway bunkering a treacherous burn running in front and to the right of the green, the hole framed by the dramatic backdrop of the famous Belbulben table top mountain. The approach to the dogleg right 8th was another one of my favourite shots on the course, played over the burn to what is an amphitheatre like setting at the green and a little backstop helping out any slightly over-clubbed shots. The 9th is a lovely par three across the top of the dunes with four bunkers protecting the front half of the green and an absolute no-go fall-off zone on the right side.

The back nine begins with the picturesque par four 10th, again in the direction of Belbulben, featuring particularly lumpy fairway undulations and another huge green. The 11th and 12th run directly back west towards the ocean, the 11th an awkward par four (probably my least favourite hole on the course) with a fairway sloping from left to right and a green guarded by hungry bunkers, one short on the left to catch any bounce-in shots and one short on the right to gobble up any underhit shots veering to the right down the hill. The par five 12th is a decent birdie opportunity before the homeward stretch, played up and over an incline and down the other side of the hill invitingly towards the green and the ocean horizon beyond.

The par three 13th tee is one of the standout scenes on the course, set above and overlooking the beach and the green below, its defences including a burn back right and ‘Lady Captain’s Bunker’ (€1 entrance fee) among the five sand traps. Whilst the final five holes are all played in a southerly direction back towards the clubhouse (13-16 alongside the beach), they offer great variety, starting with Tom Watson’s favourite, the demanding par four 14th that requires a long and accurate tee shot short of the burn that weaves its way across the fairway and an approach to an open, yet sideways sloping putting surface. I could see why Tom likes it, but I myself preferred the par four 15th, framed majestically by dunes on both sides from tee to green and overlooked by the spectacular highland section of the front nine to the left background. The par three 16th is similar to the other short holes in that the tee is above the green level, though slightly less so here, and like the others offers plenty of reward for good tee shots once you find the relatively flat green.

The 17th hole, whilst one of the more memorable holes on the course, may not necessarily be the most enjoyable for some simply because of its difficulty. The landing area from the tee is quite flat and favours the right side to open up the approach to the green, which is a long way up the steep hill and surrounded by dramatic high dunes – bogey here is a not a bad score at all. The 18th is a blind tee shot over the apex of a hill and appears tricky off the tee, but the landing area is forgiving and offers a chance to get close with a short iron for a finishing birdie, although missing the green does leave a difficult up and down.

Rosses Point was excellent and worthy of its top ten rating in the country.

Pick of the holes: Par three – 13th // Par fours – 8th, 15th // Par five – 5th

(Photo: 14th green as viewed from 7th tee)

North West Ireland Golf Tour 2017

Three young men from Cork are about to embark on a four-day golf tour along the wild North West Atlantic coast of Ireland.

Ready to play four of the finest links courses in the country (and therefore world), they will set off on Monday morning September 11 with the first destination being Sligo.

The itinerary is as follows:

Tuesday September 12: Rosses Point, Co Sligo

Wednesday September 13: Enniscrone, Co Sligo

Thursday September 14: Carne,  Co Mayo

Friday September 15: Connemara, Co Galway

Happy Chappell At Valero

23 April 2017
PGA Tour

Kevin Chappell won the Valero Texas Open at TPC San Antonio on Sunday, fending off the challenge of Brooks Koepka with an 8-foot birdie putt on the par five 18th hole to win by a solitary stroke. Koepka had steamed forward from the pack with a final day -7 round of 65 that included a birdie on the 18th, but it would leave him painfully just short of the final winning total of -12. Koepka, seeking his second PGA Tour win, played the 18th hole with impressive careful strategic nous in the circumstances, choosing to lay up and rely on his wedge game to ensure birdie, but Chappell, himself seeking his first victory in his 180th start, stood up to the pressure playing the 18th in very similar fashion with the only clearly evident difference being a slightly longer birdie putt. Chappell took his chance and the wild celebration left in no doubt what the win meant to the 30 year old Californian.

On a course that proves a tough test year in year out, with scoring on Saturday in particular quite high due to the windy conditions, Chappell negotiated it aggressively yet assuredly and the overall quality of his final round of 68 should not be undervalued in the midst of Koepka’s 65. Fresh from a top ten in his first ever Masters appearance a couple of weeks ago, perhaps Chappell entered the week inspired by the experience, helped also by a return to a TPC San Antonio course on which he has previously performed very well, including a solo second place finish in 2011 and T4 in 2016. The springboard effect may lead to further success for Chappell in the near future, although that summation seems to apply to almost every single winner nowadays and they cannot all win. (I am still backing Sergio Garcia for the Grand Slam nonetheless.)

Scrambler Pick – Zurich Classic of New Orleans: Next up, the Tour returns to NOLA, but this time experimenting with a new team format similar to that of the World Cup of Golf – teams of two in strokeplay with foursomes applying for the first and third rounds and fourball (best ball) for the second and fourth rounds. There are some tasty looking teams on offer, not least Jason Day & Rickie Fowler, Justin Rose & Henrik Stenson, Jordan Spieth & Ryan Palmer, Branden Grace & Louis Oosthuizen, Patrick Cantlay & Patrick Reed, Daniel Berger & Thomas Pieters and Bud Cauley & Justin Thomas. Of the above listed players, just Jason Day, Daniel Berger, Ryan Palmer and Justin Rose have recorded finishes of note at TPC of Lousiana, with Rose the only former winner, but that’s no reason to discount teams that include Fowler, Spieth, Stenson, Peiters, Thomas and Finau. The favourites are largely from the above list, but there are some interesting teams further down the field. Three I would highlight are the following:

Byeong Hun An & Seung-Yul Noh – This Korean duo looks menacing. Noh was the winner here in 2014 and An was runner up here last year. Neither is quite setting the world alight recently, but this could be where it all changes.

Alex Cejka & Soren Kjeldson – Say no more than that Kjeldson’s last win came at the World Cup of Golf at the end of 2016. I am sure he can take Cejka with him on a journey to the top five at least.

Luke Donald & Jamie Lovemark – a subtle combination of recent good form and a half decent record on this course for both. I like the chances.

At 35/1, you must go with the Koreans!